Fashion Maintenance Sand Filter

How to Change Pool Filter Sand

How to Change Pool Filter Sand

Environment friendly, cheap, low-maintenance pool filtering is all the time the aim. You don’t need to spend all of your money and time simply ensuring your filter does what it’s supposed to. That’s in all probability why you could have a sand pool filter within the first place. They not often clog, they’re straightforward in your pockets and your again, they usually work nicely. You get crystal clear pool water, and probably the most work you might have to do is swap out the sand as soon as each few years.

How do you modify pool filter sand, anyway? Begin by deciding which sort of sand you’ll use—you’ve obtained a couple of choices. Find out how to inform when it’s time for a change, so that you gained’t have to always battle soiled, cloudy water. Once you’re prepared to deal with it, change your sand and get again to swimming very quickly.

What’s Pool Filter Sand?

Lifeless bugs. Micro organism. Algae. Your pool filter traps this stuff to allow them to’t hold round making the water cloudy or getting swimmers sick. The filter media is the stuff that grabs these contaminants. On this case, sand is that media.

Sand is such wonderful filtration media, it’s utilized in different water security purposes similar to wastewater remedy, septic methods, and even for consuming water.

To the untrained eye, most sand seems to be just about the identical, so that you may assume all sand is created equal, however that’s not the case. Don’t be tempted by that bag of low cost play sand in your storage. It should destroy your filtration system. All the time make certain to use one in every of three forms of sand in your pool filter.

Silica Sand

Probably the most generally used pool filter sand In case you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. is #20 silica sand. It comes from floor quartz, which creates sharp silica grains with jagged edges wonderful for trapping particulates from passing water.

Silica sand is mined, not manufactured.

Glass Sand

In case you’re on the lookout for filter media with low environmental impression, glass sand is an efficient various to silica. It’s constructed from 100% recycled glass and is clean to the contact, however nonetheless captures particles as small as two microns—that’s one millionth of a meter.

The glass grains are all totally different sizes, so it minimizes channeling, which happens when pool water cuts a path straight by way of the sand and slips by way of the filter nearly unfiltered. Glass sand additionally has a damaging cost, so it excels at capturing iron and manganese particles. That is particularly useful in case your pool is crammed from a tough water supply.

Zeolite Sand

Created from volcanic rock minerals referred to as zeolites, this silica various boasts 100 occasions larger floor space than commonplace filter sand due to its sponge-like honeycomb form.

Zeolite chemically traps chloramines—the chlorine byproducts that sting swimmers’ eyes—by way of a course of referred to as molecular sieving. That’s a flowery means of claiming chloramines grow to be trapped contained in the zeolite sand particles indefinitely.

When you’re discovering you want to shock your pool incessantly, zeolite sand might assist get chloramines beneath management with out having to use as many pool chemical components.

Why Change Your Pool Filter Sand?

The pool pump pulls soiled water to the filter, the place it passes via the sand, the place contaminants get trapped. The clear water flows again into the pool. How precisely does the sand maintain onto the icky stuff, whereas permitting the cleaned water to move via?

Although it’s a lot too small to see with the bare eye, all three forms of sand have a tough floor the place contaminants get caught because the water flows previous.

Over time, the dashing water wears away the prickly floor of the sand, leaving it clean and spherical. Whenever you take a look at sand from seashores with intense waves underneath a microscope, it’s noticeably smoother than sand from calmer seashores. The identical precept applies to pool filter sand, which has water flushed by means of it for a number of hours a day.

This smoothing is the results of a course of referred to as weathering. Paradoxically the identical course of that creates sand additionally wears it down into mud, ineffective for filtering something.

When pool filter sand is weathered clean, it doesn’t have any jagged edges to seize and maintain contaminants. Your pool might begin to look cloudy or require extra frequent shock remedy because the filter media nears the top of its lifespan.

When to Change the Sand in Your Filter

Like wonderful wine, pool filter sand will get higher with age, however then it peaks and ultimately declines. Its lifespan is slightly brief—simply three to 5 years. Over the course of some years, contaminants construct up within the sand.

For the primary couple of years, this truly enhances the filtering capability of the sand as a result of as well as the sand’s personal tough edges, the contaminants build up additionally act as filtration for the water that passes by way of the filter.

However ultimately, all that additional gunk builds up a lot that it makes the filter susceptible to clogs. On the similar time, weathering renders the sand incapable of accumulating extra contaminants. Your filter’s effectivity drops, and your swimming pools water high quality suffers.

Two different issues might occur when your sand is previous its peak. Strain can construct up inside your filter because it turns into harder for the water to cross by means of gunked-up sand. Then the water might search a path of least resistance and reduce a channel by means of the sand, which can scale back a few of the strain, however will nearly get rid of filtering.

Can’t I simply Clear or Backwash my Sand Filter?

You’ll want to backwash your sand filter When you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. each time the strain gauge climbs to 10 kilos per sq. inch (psi) larger than the traditional operating strain. You can even backwash if the water is a bit cloudy, however the chemistry is okay.

Backwashing rinses the sand, flushing particles to waste. It may be achieved as a part of your routine pool upkeep, and you might want to prime off the pool afterward.

If you’d like to give your sand a bit of additional cleansing, use sand filter cleaner Should you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. yearly. Assume of these items as a degreaser for the sand. It helps wash out oils and different contaminants backwashing can’t fairly eliminate.

Each backwashing and filter cleaner assist with climbing strain and water readability, however ultimately the sand will put on down and wish to get replaced. In case your sand is within the three- to five-year window, and strain and readability are ongoing issues, it’s in all probability time for brand spanking new sand.

The Altering of the Sand

When you’ve decided your filter is the rationale on your cloudy water, get your gear collectively for sand altering. You’ll be amazed how straightforward that is.

You’ll Want:

tools tools

  • Hacksaw When you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. (if pipe wants to be reduce)
  • Store-Vac In case you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you.
  • Screwdriver Should you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you.
  • Backyard hose Should you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you.
  • Flashlight In the event you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you.
  • pool filter sand For those who click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. or filter sand substitute When you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. (verify your filter’s guide for the quantity)
  • Duct tape In case you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. or Rubber plug In the event you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you.
  • Utility knife In the event you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you.
  • Masks When you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you.
  • Backwash hose In the event you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you.
  • Diatomaceous earth (D.E.) powder In case you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. (non-compulsory)

1.Flip Off the Pump and Drain the Filter

remove-drain-plug remove-drain-plug

Flip off the filter and pump. Be certain the timer isn’t set to activate quickly, so the pump gained’t kick on whereas every thing is disconnected. If the pumps kicks on whereas dry, it might burn out.

Take away the drain plug from the underside of the filter tank, and let all of the water drain out.

Tip: Draining the filter tank might take some time, so you would do that step within the morning, then come again within the cooler night air to end the remaining.

2. Take away the Multiport Valve

remove-multiport-valve remove-multiport-valve

Take away the hoses or pipes which might be related to the multiport valve. In case your valve is tough plumbed with PVC pipe, you’ll have to > reduce the pipe When you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. . In case you’re uncomfortable doing this, contemplate hiring a professional.

After the pipes have been reduce, you (or a professional) can set up union fittings so subsequent time round, you’ll solely have to unscrew a pipe becoming—no hacksaw required.

Use your screwdriver to take away the clamp or collar securing the valve to the tank.

Gently twist then pull up on the multiport valve to take away it.

Tip: The pipe hooked up to the valve has laterals (like tree roots) branching out into the sand. The mixture of weight from sand and twisting can break the laterals, so take it straightforward.

three. Cowl the Standpipe

cover-stand-pipe cover-stand-pipe

Contained in the tank is an open pipe the place the valve was simply eliminated. Cowl it with duct tape to forestall sand from getting inside. If it does, that sand will get flushed proper into your pool whenever you begin up the pump once more.

four. Take away the Sand

remove-sand remove-sand

Use the Store-Vac to suck out all of the previous sand. In the event you don’t have a Store-Vac (otherwise you’re an enormous fan of again ache), you possibly can scoop the previous sand out by hand with a plastic cup. This can take ceaselessly and ever.

Make associates with somebody who has a Store-Vac you possibly can borrow, or simply spend money on one. It can take much less time, they usually come in useful for lots of different jobs.

5. Rinse Out the Tank and Laterals

laterals laterals

With a lot of the sand gone, you’ll give you the option to see the arms branching out of the standpipe. Use your backyard hose In the event you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. to rinse any remaining sand out of the drain gap.

Use the flashlight In the event you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. to rigorously examine the standpipe and laterals for injury. Any cracks might let sand into your pool, so make essential repairs earlier than including recent sand.

6. Fill the Tank Midway with Water

fill-tank fill-tank

Exchange the drain plug within the tank. Stick the dampen into the tank and begin filling. Middle the standpipe and laterals, and maintain them in place whereas the tank fills about midway.

Including some water prior to the alternative sand creates a cushion to shield the laterals from the load of falling sand.

7. Add the New Sand

add-sand add-sand

Put your masks on to keep away from inhaling mud. Verify the duct tape on the standpipe and add extra if essential.

Holding the bag with a nook extending over the opening of the tank, slice it open with the utility knife In case you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. . Loosen up, benefit from the Zen second watching the sand drain into the tank. Simply don’t loosen up an excessive amount of—you’re holding a 50 lb. bag of sand.

Add one bag of sand at a time, letting it slowly pour into the tank so it gained’t spill in all places.

Essential: Solely use pool filter sand In the event you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. or filter sand substitute When you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. . Anything can damage your filter.

Tip: You’ll be able to additional improve the filtering effectivity of sand by including a number of cups of D.E. powder Should you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. together with the recent sand.

eight. Fill the Tank and Reassemble the Connections

fill-tank fill-tank

When all of the sand is within the tank, fill it to the highest with water. Exchange the multiport valve, collar, and pipes or hoses. Make certain all of the fittings are comfortable and safe.

9. Backwash and Rinse the Filter

backwash-hose backwash-hose

Connect the backwash hose Should you click on this hyperlink and make a purchase order, we earn a fee at no further value to you. and switch the multiport valve to backwash. Prime the pump, and switch it on. Backwash the filter for at the least two minutes or till the filter’s sight glass is operating clear. This helps get out all the sand mud and additional particles from the brand new sand.

Shut the pump off, set the multiport valve to rinse, and switch the pump again on. Rinse the filter for one minute.

10. Run the Filter

pressure-gauge pressure-gauge

Shut the pump off, flip the valve to filter, and switch the pump again on. Now examine the strain gauge. That is your filter’s regular operating strain. Keep in mind it or write it down someplace useful.

Verify the gauge if you do your regular pool upkeep. When the strain is 10 psi above regular, backwash the filter. Utilizing the strain gauge as a backwash indicator prevents you from over-backwashing and eradicating the filth and particles your sand filter wants to perform correctly.

Sand-sational Job!

Selecting which sort of pool filter sand to use is probably the most difficult a part of this course of, and you may’t actually make a improper selection. It’s merely a matter of selecting the one that may work greatest in your pool, relying on elements similar to whether or not you have got exhausting water, or chloramines are a problem.

As soon as the brand new sand is in and the pump is up and operating, all you want to do regulate issues so your filter will run at optimum effectivity till the subsequent time you might have to change the sand. With simply that little little bit of care, you possibly can loosen up and swim with peace of thoughts for about one other 5 years.

Pleased Swimming!

Annoyed by including chemical compounds and making an attempt to hold your pool clear on a regular basis?

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The Art of Pool Care